Sunday, 17 January 2021

Smooth Faced Paving Bricks

This post is dedicated to smooth faced pavers found with a makers name stamped in them. I have to say when visiting reclamation yards that I have found just as many smooth faced pavers without a makers name in them as well & these pavers may have been made before 1855. 1855 is the first year that myself & fellow collectors have been able to establish brickmakers stamped their bricks with their name & this coincides with the introduction of machinery to press the clay into brick moulds.   

With the face of each paver being basically the same other than it's size & shape, I am mainly showing the named side of the paver. However some recent finds has resulted in me taking three photos, face, side & named side. In a nutshell this post is a pictorial list recording the many brick makers & companies which made smooth faced pavers. The majority of these pavers are no more than 2 inches deep & therefore were chiefly used in footpaths. Any photos not credited to in this post are by me.

I kick off with this George Boot, Sutton in Ashfield example & George's yard was in the same town as I reside, so I have to say this is my favourite paver. 

The following red pavers are very similar in size to the George Boot above.

Andrew Wain's Mill Lane works was operational from 1881 to 1916 at Heather in Leicestershire.

JKD = James Kent, Stockbrook Lane, Derby. James is listed in Kelly's 1876 & 1881 editions.

Edward Dusautoy's works was next door to James Kent's & Dusautoy is listed in Kelly's 1881 to 1904 editions.

J. Ballard & Co are listed in Kelly's 1876 to 1884 editions at Stapenhill, Burton on Trent.

Samuel Warr of Cradley was operational between 1865 & 1876.

KP = Ketley Paver & was made in Pensnett near Dudley. This paver is slightly larger than the ones above.

This brickworks on Heanor Road, Loscoe, Derbyshire was in production from 1880 to 1976, but I am dating this paver to around 1900.

Hathern Brick Co. Cliff Brickworks, Tamworth, Staffs. established 1881, closed 1961. This company also operated a works in Leicestershire where they were well known for producing their terra cotta wares. 

This Cakemore paver may have been a "Special" & made solely to advertise the introduction of the companies CBB Trade Mark. I have donated this paver to the Black Country Living Museum & hopefully it will be put on display when the new building dedicated to brickmaking is built. 

Another example made by Cakemore this time with a smooth face.

George Wood, Albion Brickworks, West Bromwich. I have also donated this paver to the BCLM. 

This Star of David 4 inch square stable block was made by Peter & Samuel Wood at their Pumphouse Brickworks in West Bromwich & it is on display at the Black Country Living Museum. 

I have three pavers of different sizes with this Star of David frog made by P. & S. Wood & they range from 1.5 inches deep to 2.75 inches deep.

Wood & Ivery, West Bromwich paver with the Staffordshire Knot logo.

James Smart produced this blue paver at his Halesowen works, but he his better known for owning the California Brickworks near Weoley Castle, Birmingham & producing orangey-red coloured bricks. 

With finding this W. Farish of Chester example marked as a paver in my brick albums I am not 100% sure if this is a smooth paver or not, so added just incase. I photographed this paver at Beeston Reclamation, Cheshire in 2019. If I do find that it is a patterned paver, I will move it to the appropriate post.

Photographed at Cawarden, I remember this paver to be at least 10 x 5 x 2 inches in size & very heavy. 

I photographed this ABC, 2 inch paver at Cawarden Reclamation, whether it's _ _ _ _ _ Brick Co. or just lettered ABC, I do not know. It may be like the XYZ bricks which several have been found around Renishaw in Derbyshire. ABC or XYZ may have been used during WW2 to disguise the location of the works as only a handful of works were kept open during the war. 

Photo by Mike Chapman. 

Mike photographed this paver in Epperstone, Notts. but one has also turned up in Somerset. So it's mystery where & who made this paver. I have put forward the suggestion that it's a palm tree, but am I right ? 

This next set of four pavers were all made in the Buckley area of North Wales & are in Paul Davies' collection. With the face of each of these pavers being very similar I have just show the C. Davison one.

Photos by Paul Davies.

While I was in contact with Paul about his pavers he brought my attention to "Southport Pavers" which I was totally unaware of & they had been made by several brick companies in the Buckley area of North Wales & these include Davidson's & Catherall's. Apparently when the Blundell Family were developing Southport in the late 1900's into an up-market coastal holiday resort, their agents turned to these Buckley brickworks to produce a variation of their hard wearing vitrified stable blocks to create tree lined walkways & boulevards in this up & coming town. Hence these pavers being named "Southport Pavers." Today many of these footpaths still survive in the town centre & some have been relaid in other parts of the town after an out-cry by local residents in the late 1980's when the council was going to replace them with tarmac. Paul Davies sent me the following three photos & they show these pavers in-situ & a Davidson one which is in his collection. Please note some pavers are laid showing the makers name in this first photo.

Photos by Paul Davies, Secretary of the Buckley Society.

Paul tells me this Davidson paver is 9 inches square & more can be read about these Southport Pavers at this link.      

This Davison & Co. "Adamantine" paver Ewloe nr Chester may also be one of these "Southport Pavers" & this photo was taken by Iain Taylor & has been reproduced with the permission of the Penmorfa Brick website.

Many Thanks to :-

Mike Chapman

Paul Davies, Secretary of the Buckley Society


Saturday, 2 January 2021

Patterned Brick Pavers - part 2

In Patterned Brick Pavers part 2, I pictorially record the many different designs of the deeper block type pavers found so far & these pavers can measure anything from 3 to 5 inches deep. I am assuming these thicker block pavers could withstand more weight than the 2 inch versions, hence there use in stables & farmyards etc. The thinner 2 inch pavers are covered in Patterned Brick Pavers - part 1. 

In most cases I show three images of the same paver, face, side view & reverse & any photos not credited to are by me. The majority of these pavers by me were photographed at Cawarden Reclamation in Rugeley, who always have plenty of stock to chose from. 

If you have images of any block pavers not shown in this post, please get in touch via email please, my details are on the Contacts Tab at the top of this page & I will gladly add them to the post. Thanks, Martyn.

So I start with this deep block paver made by Hamblet of West Bromwich & to me this design resembles a tree leaf.

Photos by Frank Lawson.

B B Staffordshire Knot = Barnett & Beddow, Atlas Works, Aldridge.

With this block paver having the same pattern as the previous Hamblet paver, I am taking it that Barnett & Beddows made this paver after they had acquired the Hamblet company name sometime after 1921, although the first recorded evidence of B & B owning the Hamblet name is 1961. 1920 was the year the Hamblet Blue Brick Co. Ltd is recorded as going into liquidation with their Piercy Brickworks being closed by 1915. The works was then dismantled & the site was sold by 1919. To confuse things we find a new company were operating as the Hamblet Blue Brick Co. West Bromwich in 1921 & the location of it's works is not recorded in trade directories, hence my thoughts that Barnett & Beddows were now making the Hamblet Brand of bricks at their Aldridge works & running this new Hamblet company. 

With this block paver example having the same pattern & similar dumb bell shaped frog as the previous B & B paver, I am thinking it could have been made by Barnett & Beddows also, however I have found during my research that many brickworks used dumb bell shaped frogs to imitate the one used by Hamblet & Barnett & Beddows. 

Hamblet, West Bromwich. This paver is thought to represent the Maltese Cross.

Charles Goodman Tebbutt patented the design of these stable paving bricks in 1884 in the UK & 1887 in America. Although Tebbutt owned a brickworks in Huntingdon, Cambs. these pavers will have been made under licence at a works in the West Midlands because the required Etruria marl clay needed to make these pavers is not found in Cambridgeshire & I cannot see Tebbutt transporting clay across country to his works. The old cattle market at St. Ives, Cambridgeshire is laid with these pavers.

Photos by Chris Tilney.

Chris found this un-named 10 square block paver at North Bitchburn, County Durham.

Photographed by Alex Wilson this sea worn paver was found on the shoreline at Devil's Point, Plymouth. Bricks with this design in the frog have turned up in many areas of the country & I have photographed three house bricks with this stamp mark, one at Valley Reclamation, Chesterfield, one at the Black Country Living Museum & the example below at Cawarden Reclamation Yard. Again with this paver being made of Etruria Marl it will have been made at a brickworks in the West Midlands, which I have not be able to trace. I have suggested this motif could be a butterfly, then again it could a stylised fleur-de-lis. So if you recognise this stamp mark & know who made these bricks, please get in touch. Thanks.

This block paver has a series of random dots forming a diamond which could be recording which press machine it was made on, but there are 12 dots, so it must have been made by a large volume producer to have 12 production lines & with the dumb bell frog this could only be Hamblet's before they stamped their name or the letter H in the frog. The next red example below by Hamblet has a very similar finish to this blue 8 square paver, hence me thinking it is a Hamblet product.

Another 8 square block paver with a blank 2 square recessed frog.

Photos by Ian Suddaby.

This J. Brodie, Sanquhar 8 square deep block paver was found in Galston, East Ayrshire by Ian Suddaby.

Photos by Mark Cranston.

A J. Brodie variation with this 8 square deep paver having the addition of Limited in the name.

Photos by Mark Cranston.

Another Scottish 8 square deep paver this time from Robert Mackie, Barr Coal Co. Beith, North Ayrshire & was found by Anthony Shaw.

Six square block paver with a blank frog.

Photos by Mark Cranston.

6 square deep paver from W.J. Gillespie, Monreith, Wigtownshire, Scotland.

Four block paver with blank frog.

A two square block paver made by Henry Doulton at his vast Rowley Regis works.

Photos by Jonathan Dooley.

J.C. Edwards, Ruabon, Denbighshire, operational between 1903 & 1956.

Photos by Paul Davies, Secretary of the Buckley Society.

2 square block paver made by Edward Parry in Buckley, North Wales.

Photos by Mark Cranston.

This glazed 2 square deep fireclay paver was made by the Dalquharran Brick & Tile Works in Wallacetown Ayrshire & was found by Tucker Kennedy.

Appin Brickworks, Townhill, Dunfirmline, Fife. This deep block paver is the first one to turn up with the makers name stamped in it's face & was photographed in Nottingham by Mike Chapman, so a long way from home.

Photos by Ian Suddaby.

Just like buses another two square block paver has turned up with the name in the face & again it was made in Scotland, this time by the Preston Grange Brick & Tile Works in Prestonpans, East Lothian. 

Photo by Andrew Wood, courtesy of the Mark Cranston Collection.

With checking through Mark's website I have found this Hill of Beath Fireclay Works, Hill of Beath, Fife paver, so this now make three pavers with the name in the face. 

Photos by Ian Suddaby.

Another two block deep paver from the Preston Grange brickworks, but this time with the name in it's reverse. 

This unusual paver is made of slag waste & is known as a Scoria brick & was made by James Woodward at his Tees Scoria Brick Co., Eston, Middlesborough around 1873. Don Boldison who took these photos says that they are a common site around the back alleyways of York & they are slightly larger than a house brick & being 5 inches deep. 

This two block paver was also made of slag waste. 
All three Scoria brick photos are by Don Boldison & have been reproduced with the permission of the Old Bricks website.

Photos by Ian Suddaby.

This salt-glazed fireclay paver was made around 1851 by Dickinson & Co. at the Straid Brickworks near New Cumnock, AyrshireUp to Ian sending me these photos I was totally unaware that pavers had been made of fireclay. 

Photos by Ian Suddaby.

Another salt-glazed fireclay paver this time made at the Bourtreehill Fireclay Works near Irvine, Ayrshire with Ian finding this one in Ayr.

Photos by Paul Davies, Secretary of the Buckley Society.

The Queen Victoria Jubilee Bridge at Queensferry, Flintshire was opened in 1897 & it was quickly found that it's timber roadway soon wore away, so Gibson's Brickworks at Brookhill, Buckley were contracted to supply a suitable hard wearing brick to resurface the bridge's roadway. The result was these unique hard wearing vitrified Gibsonite pavers with hardwood wooden pegs inserted into them to provided grip for horse-drawn transport. The underside has holes either for water to drain through or maybe so that there was an escape for air when they hammered the timber pegs tightly into the recesses. When this wooden bridge needed replacing in 1926 they literally set it on fire & these bricks fell in to the river & many are still there today. A new bridge known as the "Blue Bridge" was then built. Info by Paul Davies. 

Photos by Chris Tilney.

It appears the raised dots on this unusual paver create interlocking circles. Not one to be staring at after you have had a pint or two !!!

Many Thanks for the use of their photos & info :-  
Ian Suddaby
Mike Chapman
Chris Tilney
Don Boldison
Alex Wilson
Paul Davies
Frank Lawson, who is sadly no longer with us.