Wednesday, 19 June 2019

Birmingham Brickworks - part 5

In Birmingham Brickworks part 5, I cover brickmakers who operated in Erdington, Washwood Heath, Handsworth, Mill Pool Hill near Warstock, Hamstead & Sutton Coldfield.

William Nock, Erdington

I have established there were four William Nocks who ran this brickworks & this family business was started by William Nock who was born in Derby in 1826. However census listings records his age/birth year between 1823 & 1828, so I have used 1826 as recorded on his marriage certificate. Albert Stephenson writes in his 1933 book that "He never knew a time when a Nock was not making bricks at the Holly Lane Brickworks." 

Some of this early Nock family info came from an article written in 2008 by Shaun J. on this website. Update 6.8.19 - I have now added some photos & info received from John Roberts who's Grandfather also named John Roberts worked at Nock's from around 1908. John worked his way up the Company to become Works Manager & then a Director. I have blended this new info & photos into the timeline of the Company. A newspaper article received from John also extends the date when Nock's Holly Lane Brickworks closed to 1971.

William Nock (b.1826) moved to Birmingham in 1851 & at the time of his marriage to Ann Nock on the 10th of July 1852, he is recorded as a "gun stocker" on his marriage certificate. A man who fitted wooden stocks to gun barrels. Shaun has tried to establish if William & Ann were related with them both being Nocks, but from reading the forum page, he has not been able to make any connection. I am thinking they were distant cousins, hence the reason why William moved to Birmingham & married Ann. William in the 1861 census is listed as a hosier. 

A visit to the Library has revealed that in the 1871 census William is listed as a builder & living in Osborne Place, in the hamlet of Aston Manor, Birmingham together with his wife Ann & 3 children. Their eldest son, William, aged 15 & born in 1855 is listed as a carpenter. Shaun next writes that William Nock (b.1826) purchases a brickfield on Holly Lane, Erdington from the Reverend Horace Newton in 1875. I have coloured this Holly Lane brickworks yellow on the 1902 OS map below.    

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1902.

The first trade directory entry in the Brick Makers Section for W. Nock & Co., Holly Lane, Erdington appears in Kelly's 1876 edition. So this will be our first William born 1826. This 1876 trade directory entry for W. Nock & Co. is repeated up to Kelly's 1892 edition. Shaun writes that around 1887 William handed over the brickworks to his son William (b.1855) together with a 21 year lease on the property, but I have found that the 1881 census records William (b.1855 aged 25) as a Brick-Master employing 25 workers & living on Holly Lane together with his wife, Emma aged 25 & their son, William, aged nine months. So from this census info we can now bring forward the 1887 date when the brickworks was transferred over to William (b.1855). The 1891 census records William (b.1855) as William Nock junior, a Brick Manufacturer aged 35, together with his wife Emma, aged 35 & son, William, a scholar, aged 10 & all still living on Holly Lane.  

Meanwhile the 1891 census records our first William Nock (b.1826) as a Brick Manufacturer, aged 64, wife Ann aged 69 & daughter, Kate, aged 30, all living on Orchard Road, Erdington.

William Nock (junior) b.1855 died in 1893 at the tender aged of 38. We then find that Kelly's 1895 edition now reads W. Nock (exors of) & this entry is repeated up to Kelly's 1900 edition. It was after 1895 that the executors of William junior's Will put the brickworks up for sale, but no one took up on the offer, so I am assuming that our first William Nock born in 1826 was now running W. Nock & Co. again as one of the executors of his son's Will because Emma & William junior's son, William, born 3rd of July 1880 was only 13 when his father died. 

The following three photos of Nock's workers have been sent to me by John Roberts & are thought to have been taken in the 1890's.

The aerial photograph below, also from John's collection was taken by Geographia & may date to around 1900 because by 1908 new buildings had been erected & these are shown in a photograph later in the post.

We next find in the 1901 census that our third William Nock born 1880 & now aged 22 is recorded as Manager of a Brickworks & boarding with Mary A. Haddon aged 61 & her daughter Isabella, aged 25 on Wesley Road, Erdington. 

Kelly's 1903 trade directory now has the addition of junior in the entry & reads William junior Nock (exors of), Holly Lane, Erdington & as just wrote we know from the 1901 census that William Nock born 1880 was now running the Holly Lane Brickworks. In 1904 the first William Nock, born in 1826 died aged 78. 

With our third William Nock running the Holly Lane brickworks as Manager, entries in Kelly's 1904 to 1915 editions still read William junior Nock, (exors of), Holly Lane, Erdington, so I am assuming even by 1915 William junior's Estate had not been sorted. 

Photo by Alex Cartwright who found this Exors brick in his garden in Sutton Coldfield.

As wrote at the top of this entry John Roberts' Grandfather John Roberts started at Nocks Brickworks around 1908 with him previously working at P. & S. Wood's Pumphouse Brickworks which had closed in 1904. John soon rose up the ladder at Nocks becoming Works Manager & by 1933 John was a Company Director. John known as "Jack" or the "Governor" celebrated 25 years at the Company on the 25th of June 1933 & a citation reads - 25th Anniversary of Service with William Nock Limited. Presented to Jack by his Co-Directors, William Nock, Isabella Nock & A. Bridgewater. Dated 25th of June 1933.

The following photograph is thought to have been taken after 1908 as John Roberts is in one of these photos & I have used a close-up version of the same photo to show John.

John Roberts is the gentleman standing in the background to the left of the first horse & cart, also note the Nock steam lorry on the right. I expect it was soon to be the end of using horses & carts at the works with the introduction of mechanised vehicles.

As I have digressed telling you about John Roberts I now go back to the 1911 census which lists our third William Nock (b.1880) as a Brick Manufacturer, living in Erdington & now married to Isabella Haddon. In 1901 William was living with Isabella & her mother, so love must have blossomed. This 1911 census also reveals that William's widowed mother, Emma was living with her son & daughter-in-law. A search for the marriage date for William & Isabella has resulted in finding an index entry recording they were married in either April, May or June 1905. The finds don't stop there, the 1939 England & Wales Register also reveals that a son was born to William & Isabella on the 5th of July 1911 & you've guessed it, they named him William !!!

It appears by 1921 William Nock junior's (b.1855 - d.1893) affairs had been sorted because Kelly's 1921 edition now reads William Nock Ltd., Holly Lane, Erdington & this entry is repeated up to the last available Kelly's trade directory in 1940. Running this new company was William Nock, our third William born 1880. Albert Stephenson writes about this William in his 1933 book - "After his father's death, "Billy" Nock greatly improved the works, that I now believe the output exceeds any other single plant in the district." Stephenson continues to write that Billy Nock was a member of the pre-War Brick Makers Associations & promptly joined the present 1917 Association, being at once elected to the Committee of Managers. "Billy" Nock is our "star" golfer, having twice won the Chairman's Cup, And at our social gatherings he is always called upon to sing the "Brickmakers' Anthem" !  I wonder how that went !!!

The Holly Lane Brickworks in 1937.

I mentioned earlier the 1939 England & Wales Register & in this listing it records William Nock (b.1880) as Brick Manufacturer & then on the next line, his son William junior (b.1911) also as a Brick Manufacturer, so it appears father & son were running the brickworks together. This Register records William senior, his wife Isabella & William junior living at 5, Beech Hill Road, Sutton Coldfield, a very "affluent" area. 

Ray Shill writes in his book that the Holly Lane Brickworks closed around 1952, but I have three Nock adverts dated 1954, 1959 & 1962. 

Birmingham Post dated 2nd of September 1954.

Walsall Observer & South Staffordshire Chronicle dated 13th February 1959

Coventry Evening Telegraph dated 21st September 1962

So should Ray Shill's book read 1962 & not 1952 ? Also fellow brick collector, Ray Martin has sent me this info - "By the late 1960’s, the works had closed and the clay pit was used for waste disposal, including hazardous material such as acids, asbestos and medical waste. After the filling had been completed, it was capped with a six-foot earth cap."

I have therefore come to the conclusion that the Holly Lane Brickworks had closed by the mid 1960's with William Nock junior (b.1911) at the helm because his father, William "Billy" Nock (b.1880) had passed away in 1955 aged 75. 

From John Roberts info, William junior born 1911 had the middle name of Haddon, but was known as Bill Nock. A Company letterhead dated 29th of January 1952 gives the directors as, William Nock (b.1880), Chairman, William Haddon Nock (b.1911), Managing Director & R. Starling, Works Director.

John Roberts has also sent me the Birmingham Evening Mail article below dated 6th January 1977 which reveals that due to the clay reserves being exhausted the Holly Lane Brickworks closed in 1971. So we can now say for certain that 1971 was the end of brick production at the Holly Lane Brickworks. 

According to this article the year the Company would have celebrated it's Centenary was 1978, but we know from my research that Nock's are first listed making bricks in Kelly's 1876 Trade Directory & that the "first" William Nock purchased the Holly Lane brickfield in 1875, so the Centenary of the Company would have been in 1975/6 & not 1978. It appears William "Bill" Haddon Nock was unaware of these 1875/6 dates when the Company was established or he would have celebrated the Company's Centenary in 1975. With Bill saying in the article that he could not wait until 1978 for the party, I am wondering if he knew his health was failing because he sadly died on the 19th January 1978. His death is recorded in Banbury, Oxfordshire.

Photos from John Roberts Collection.

These two photos of Nock's lorries & small van may have been taken in the late 1930's / 1940's & it is thought that the gentleman to the left of the small van is Sam Redding, Works Manager & another gentleman is thought to be Henry Reed, father of Henry Reed the poet & author. 

I have found from the web that there have been numerous applications to build houses on the former Holly Lane brickworks site over the last 40 years, but all have been dismissed. Local residents are today still battling the latest 2018 application to build 200 homes on this contaminated land.

While searching trade directories for William Nock I found a George Nock who is listed in Kelly's 1895 & 1896 editions brickmaking on Summer Road, Erdington (coloured yellow on the 1886 OS map below). The 1871 census has revealed that George Nock was born in 1865 to William (b.1826) & Ann Nock, so George was the younger brother to William Nock (b.1855 our second William). George would have been 30 in 1895 & as previously wrote William born 1855 died in 1893. There is the option that George was running the family business with his father after William's death because William's son was only 13 when his father died & it was at a later date that this William born in 1880 became our 3rd William & owner of the Holly Lane Brickworks. George Nock aged 26 in the 1891 census is recorded as a Manager at a Brick Yard & this entry ties in with the 1895 & 1896 trade directory entries for him as the owner of the Summer Lane Brickworks. The 1891 census also records George Nock & his wife Beatrice Lizzie Nock were living at Mona Villas, New Street, Erdington.

Ancestry has also revealed that George Nock married Beatrice Lizzie Haddon (b.1871) in 1890 & Beatrice was the older sister to Isabella Haddon (b.1875) who in 1905 married George's nephew, William Nock born 1880, our third William. This Haddon sister connection may explain why William was boarding with the Haddon's as recorded in the 1901 census.

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1886.

The 1902 OS map no longer shows a brickworks on Summer Road & houses had been built on most of the site, so it appears George Nock only operated this site for a few years. 

The 1901 census now records George Nock as a Timber Merchant, together his wife Beatrice Lizzie & five children ranging from 9 to 1. From a death index I next found that George died in either January, February or March 1907 aged 42. So George's foray into brickmaking may have only been between 1891 to 1896.

I have to note that his brother William (2nd William) born 1855 also died young at the of aged 38 in 1893, then on the other hand the first William born 1826 lived to be 78 & the third William born 1880 got to 75. The fourth William born 1911 was 67 when he passed away.

I found this snippet of information in Albert Stephenson's 1933 book. Albert writes "G.H. Machin owned a small hand-made yard (coloured purple on the 1886 OS map above) situated near to the Railway Station which was taken over by the first William Nock (b.1826)." As no date is given this would have been after 1892 when there are no more trade directory entries for Machin. The 1902 OS map no longer shows this small yard only the former clay pits with the newly built houses on New Street occupying the site were the buildings & kilns had once stood. 

Before I sign off on this Nock entry, I found this Nock - Star of David brick at Cawarden Reclamation Yard. The only other company to use this symbol was P. & S. Wood of West Bromwich. It was a chance conversation between Ray Martin & a visitor to the Newhall Water Mill Museum as the man was looking at Ray's bricks which prompted him to tell Ray that his Grandfather worked at Woods until it's closure in 1904, moving to Nocks shortly after. Ray was unaware of me having this Nock - Star of David brick at the time, so this now begs the question, did this gentleman's Grandfather have anything to do with Nocks using this symbol which Woods had used since 1884 as a Trade Mark ? 

With now being in touch with this visitor, John Roberts, I can now reveal that these bricks were made when John's Grandfather, John Roberts was a Director at the Company & this will have been after 1933. The reason why John Roberts produced bricks with the Star of David stamped in them is not known by his Grandson, but with John being at P & S Woods at the time when Woods produced their Star Of David bricks I can only assume with the sale of these bricks being a success in promoting Woods, John Roberts must have thought that doing the same would promote Nock's brick sales. John Roberts remained a Director at Nock's until his death. 

Many Thanks to John Roberts (Grandson) for sending me the info on his Grandfather, John Roberts & the photos of Nocks, which now enriches this entry.

T. Haines, Erdington

A search of the web & trade directories has drawn a blank for brickmaker T. Haines in Erdington. The design of the frog suggests it was made in the 1860's/70's. As to the location of Haines yard, the 1886 OS map below shows two operational brickworks, one on Summer Lane (now Summer Road) & one on Sheep Street (now Station Road) & Haines could have worked either of these two works. This map also shows three ponds on Brick Kiln Lane & these ponds could have been the clay pits to three more earlier brick yards which could have been operational in the 1860's/70's.

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1886.

I now move on to Washwood Heath with brickmakers Richard Taylor & Edward Hales who started off brickmaking independently, then as a partnership, followed by Hales on his own.

Richard Taylor

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1886. 

We find Richard Taylor is listed as brickmaker in Saltley in Kelly's 1867 & 68 editions & from Albert Stephenson's book, Richard Taylor's yard was called the Heath Brickworks & was situated near to the Midland Railway & the Warwick & Birmingham Junction Canal. I have coloured this yard purple on the 1886 OS map above. Stephenson continues to write that the yard closed before 1880 & production was moved to a new yard situated at the side of Common Lane & Washwood Heath Road (coloured green). We know from info found that this move had taken place by 1872 with Richard Taylor now being in partnership with Edward Hales at the Washwood Heath Road Works.

As a footnote before I write about this Taylor & Hales partnership, I have found two more Taylor entries in trade directories & these are for Thomas Taylor at Washwood Heath in White's 1850 & Slater's 1852 editions, then John Taylor at Washwood Heath near Saltley in Slater's 1852 edition, so maybe these two brickmakers were related to Richard Taylor & both were at the coloured purple works before him.  

Taylor & Hales

We next find Richard Taylor is joined by Edward Hales at the Washwood Heath Works, coloured green on the 1886 OS map above. The duos first trade directory entry is in Kelly's 1872 edition & it reads Taylor & Hales, Washwood Heath, Birmingham. Edward Hales up to the 12th of March 1869 had been in partnership with Josiah Derrington at Leopold Street in Birmingham. More can be read about Derrington & Hales in Birmingham Brickmakers - part 2. 

White's 1873 edition however only lists Richard Taylor at Washwood Heath, but we then find in White's 1875 edition it has reverted back to Taylor & Hales. This partnership continues to be listed in Kelly's 1876 to 1882 editions. We then find from Kelly's 1883 edition Edward Hales is operating this Washwood Heath works on his own, so had Richard Taylor retired from brickmaking or had he passed away ?

Edward Hales

Edward Hales is listed at Washwood Heath Road, Saltley in Kelly's 1883 to Kelly's 1905 editions. With Edward first listed as brickmaking in 1858 I have estimated his age to be around 70 in 1905, so I can only assume he had retired from brickmaking or had passed away soon after 1905. There are no more brickmakers listed in trade directories as owning this works & it is no longer shown on the 1913 OS map, so I am taking it that this brickworks close soon after 1905.

Edward Mullett

Edward Mullett is listed in Kelly's 1876 edition with the address of Holyhead Road, Handsworth. Kelly's 1879 edition now gives his address as Nursery Brick Yard, Handsworth. Kelly's 1880 & 1882 editions are the same entry as 1876. 

Ray Shill writes in his book that in 1883 the Nursery Brickworks on Holyhead Road, Handsworth possessed a 20hp horizontal engine, egg-ended boilers, pug-mill & rolls, brick press & a semi-dry brickmaking machine in addition to the kilns & sheds. The exact location of Mullett's yard is unknown. The 1886 OS map below (earliest available) shows no brick yards working or disused on Holyhead Road, so after studying this map, the only option I can put forward is the area which I have coloured green, with the pond being the former clay pit. With the works being called the Nursery Brickyard, it suggests it had occupied a former agricultural business. I will update the entry is any new info comes to light. 

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1886.

Charles Payne

I have two sets of trade directory entries for Charles Payne, the first lists him brickmaking at Great Barr, Handsworth in Kelly's 1879 to 1882 editions. The works address in the 1882 entry is given as Great Barr, Perry Barr. The only potential brickworks that I can find on maps in the Great Barr area, is the one marked old clay pit (red) on the 1885 OS map below & this yard may have been owned by Charles Payne. Great Barr village is at the top of this map, Perry Wood (green) is to the north of the brickyard & Perry Barr village is just off to the right on the next map. I have to note that on the right side of this map there is a road called Brick Kiln Lane which goes from Tower Hill to Perry Barr. Although there are no marked brickworks on this lane, there may have been when Payne was working & his yard may have been on this lane. If any firm evidence turns up for the location of his yard, I will update the post. 

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1885.

Now on to the second entry for Charles Payne & he is listed in Kelly's 1903, 04 & 05 editions with the works address of Mill Pool Hill Brickworks, Mill Pool Hill, Hollywood, Kings Norton via Kings Heath. I have had no trouble in finding this works as it is clearly marked on the 1903 OS map below (coloured yellow). It is unknown which of these two works this C. Payne brick was made, but I am favouring the Mill Pool Hill Works.

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1903.

Hamstead / NCB Hamstead

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1885.

A brickworks at Hamstead (coloured yellow on the 1885 OS map above) was erected in 1876, a year after Hamstead Colliery had been sunk in 1875, whether at this date it was actually owed by the Hamstead Colliery Company (formed 1875) is unknown. I have found several independent brickmakers owned this works before the Hamstead Colliery (1930) Ltd took over in 1938. I therefore have come to the conclusion that the brickworks was first owned by the Colliery between 1876 & 1888, then between 1888 & 1938 it was in the hands of individual brickmakers, with it then coming back under the control of Hamstead Colliery (1930) Ltd. / NCB until it's closure. 

A 1968 photo of the derelict brickworks can be seen at this link & the chimney has the date of 1876 incorporated into the pattern of the brickwork.

So the first trade directory listing I have found for a brickmaker at this works is in Kelly's 1888 edition when it records William Bradford, 14, Franchise Street, Perry Barr, works, Hamstead, Birmingham. William Bradford's listing is repeated in Kelly's 1890 & 92 editions. We then find Joseph Sheldon is listed at this works in Kelly's 1895 edition. Kelly's 1897 & 1900 editions lists Joseph Sheldon with the works address of Old Walsall Road, Hamstead, Handsworth. Kelly's 1903 to 1921 editions next list Turner & Hadley at the Old Walsall Road, Hamstead works. Albert Stephenson writes in his 1933 book that "J.R. Turner was a builder who consumed most of the bricks produced at Hamstead & his partner William Hadley, was a very pushful salesman who was a "thorn in the flesh" to other Birmingham Brickmakers, until he joined with them in setting up the Brickmakers Association in 1917. After the retirement of Mr. Turner, "Billy" Hadley ran the yard until his expiration of his lease in 1927." As of yet no bricks stamped by the aforementioned brickmakers have been found.

We then find the Hamstead Brick Co. had taken over the brickworks from Turner & Hadley with this new company advertising they had recently installed a new kiln in 1929. It was said to be of a type invented by Alvis Habla of Czechoslovakia. The kiln was 84 ft long and 63 ft wide and was of the zigzag Hoffman type. The Hamstead Brick Co. spent £25,000 pounds on the modernisation of the works & this new kiln was capable of producing 250,000 bricks per week. The Hamstead Brick Co. is first listed in Kelly's 1932 edition with the address of Old Walsall Road, Great Barr & I think they were the makers of the Hamstead brick shown below. This Hamstead Brick Co. entry is repeated in Kelly's 1933, 36 & 37 editions. 

An article in London Gazette dated 28th of December 1937 reports that the Hamstead Brick Co. went into voluntary liquidation on the 22nd of December 1937 & this process was finalised on the 30th of September 1940 when liquidator, Kenric Allday set out his accounts of the winding up & dispersal of the Company's assets.    

With the demise of the Hamstead Brick Co. we find in Kelly's 1938 edition the listing for Hamstead Colliery (1930) Ltd. & they were now operating this Old Walsall Road brickworks. At some point a 20 chambered Staffordshire Kiln was built with each chamber holding 20,000 bricks. Clay shale was brought from the colliery via a aerial ropeway to the brickworks, a photo of which can be seen at this link.

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1938.

With the Nationalisation of the Collieries in 1947, Hamstead colliery & brickworks came under the control of the National Coal Board & an example of a brick made by the NCB at this works can be seen below. 

In 1963 the works is recorded as producing pressed commons, but in March 1965 the colliery closed and it appears the brickworks followed suit with the photo in this link showing the derelict brickworks in June 1968.

As a footnote, Hamstead Colliery (1930) Ltd. is recorded in the 16th of April 1954 edition of the London Gazette as being voluntarily wound up by it's members at a special meeting on the 7th of April 1954 with Stanley Roche MacDonald & Henry Brian Cookson being appointed joint Liquidators for the purpose of such winding-up. Signed S.R. MacDonald, Chairman.

Lloyd, Sutton Coldfield

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1887.

Recorded as Builders & Contractors in 1868, Charles Lloyd & Son are then listed in Kelly's 1872 edition as Brickmakers with the address of Holland Street, Maney, Sutton Coldfield. Holland Street was their home address. This listing for Charles is repeated up to & including the 1888 edition. It's not until the 1908 listing for Mark Lloyd, Charles' son, that we find that Charles had established two brickworks on Whitehouse Common on the east side of Sutton Coldfield, one was called the Sutton Old Yard, coloured yellow on the 1887 OS map above & the other was the Wheatmoor Brick Works which I have coloured green. I have established from trade directories that no other brickmakers were operating in Sutton Coldfield at this time, hence me coming to the conclusion that Charles started both these two works which were eventually run by Mark.

This brick was kindly given to me by Ray Martin.

Photographed at New Hall Water Mill, Sutton Coldfield & forms part of Ray Martin's Collection at the Mill.

Fellow brick collector, Ray Martin has found that Charles Lloyd was born around 1815 & had died by the 1891 Census, as his wife Dinah is listed as a widow in this Census & living with her son Mark (born around 1848) & his wife. Charles last trade directory entry is in Kelly's 1888 edition, so Charles died between 1888 & 1891. According to Ray, Lloyd & Son bricks were used to build Sutton Coldfield's Park & Town Railway Stations in 1879. 

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1901.

I have used the 1901 OS map above to show how both works had expanded since the 1887 map.

This brick was kindly given to me by Ray Martin.

With Charles' last trade directory being 1888 we find that his son Mark first goes into partnership with Joseph Read Jones, as builders & brickmakers in Sutton Coldfield before running the Lloyd family's two brickworks on his own as recorded in Kelly's 1908 trade directory. This short lived partnership is recorded in a Notice in the London Gazette dated 16th of January 1891 when the partnership operating under the style of Jones & Lloyd was dissolved by mutual consent on the 31st December 1890. All debts due to & owing by the said late firm would be received & paid by the said Mark Lloyd. Dated 9th of January 1891.

Mark Lloyd is listed in Kelly's 1892 edition with the address of Holland Street, Maney, Sutton Coldfield. For some unknown reason Mark is not listed in Kelly's 1900 & 1904 editions & he is next recorded in Kelly's 1908 edition with the listing of Lloyd's (Mark) Brick Works Ltd., Sutton Old Yard & Wheatmoor Brick Works, Sutton Coldfield. This entry is repeated in Kelly's 1912 & 1916 editions. According to Ray both works closed around 1930.

T. Smith, Sutton Coldfield

Photo by MF courtesy of the John Baylis Collection.

A notice in the London Gazette dated 26th of November 1872 records Thomas Smith an Auctioneer & brickmaker of High Street, Sutton Coldfield was declaring himself bankrupt. The notice summoned creditors of the aforementioned to attend the First General Meeting at the Tuns Hotel, High Street, Sutton Coldfield on the 10th day of December 1872 at three o'clock precisely. Signed W.M. Fellows, attorney for the said Thomas Smith. The location of Thomas Smith's brickworks is not recorded in this notice, but there is the option that it may have been the Sutton Old Yard, Sutton Coldfield which was in the hands of Charles Lloyd & Son from 1872. 

This post now completes Birmingham Brickmakers to which I have brick images for. That is until anymore new named Birmingham bricks turn up, so if you have any images of bricks not featured in any of my five Birmingham Posts, please send them along to my e-mail address which can be found on the Links & Contact Tab & I will add them to the appropriate post with a credit to the sender. Thanks. 

I wish to thank the following :- 
National Library/Ordnance Survey - maps.
Nock Adverts in this post were found on this website.
The British Newspaper Archive
Chris Thornburn & John Baylis - for allowing me to photograph their brick collections.
John Roberts - Nock photos & Info.
Alex Cartwright - Nock brick photo.
Hamstead Miners Memorial Trust - Info.
David Kitching - info.
Ray Martin - Info & bricks.
I have gathered some information from a book called Workshop of the World - Birmingham's Industrial Heritage by Ray Shill to whom I am indebted.

Wednesday, 6 March 2019

Birmingham Brickworks - part 4

In part 4 of Birmingham Brickworks I cover these areas ;- Selly Oak, Kings Heath, Kings Norton, Sparkbrook, Greet & Tyseley. 

E. Boylin, Selly Oak

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1882.

This Selly Oak brickworks was first worked by Edward Boylin then after his death Edward's wife Eleanor took over until she sold the works to Marshall Raybould & I have wrote about Raybould in Birmingham Brickworks part 3. 

It is unknown if Edward or Eleanor made this brick. Both Edward & Eleanor where born in Shropshire, Edward 1815 & Eleanor 1822 & after their marriage they produced 8 children who were all born in Tipton between 1850 & 1868. I have a 1870 reference recording Edward Boylin as being a coal dealer in Selly Oak. The 1871 census records Edward as a Brickmaster in Northfield, Worcestershire & from the web I have found Selly Oak during the 1800's was within the Parish of Northfield. The only trade directory entry that I have for Edward Boylin is in Kelly's 1872 edition which just records him at Selly Oak. It was from Marshall Raybould's later trade directory entries that I acquired the works address of Frederick Road (coloured yellow on the 1882 OS map above). Edward died in 1873 & from White's 1875 edition Mrs. Eleanor Boylin is listed as brickmaker at Selly Oak. Eleanor's trade directory entries continue to Kelly's 1880 edition. We find in the 1881 census that Eleanor's 3rd son Charles, born 1856, aged 25 is listed as a brickmaker living on Harborne Lane, Selly Oak in the Parish of Northfield. So it appears Charles may have joined his mother in the family brickmaking business as soon as he had left school. With finding Marshall Raybould at this Frederick Road works in Kelly's 1882 edition I am taking it that Eleanor sold the works to Raybould in late 1881 or early 1882. Whether Charles was given the opportunity to take over the brickworks is unknown as we next find from a family website that Charles & his family emigrated to America in 1888.

Hough & Co. Kings Heath

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1883.

I start this entry by telling you about the first owner of the red coloured brickworks at the end of Kings Road (purple) as shown on the 1883 OS map above which later became Hough & Co.'s brickworks. Kelly's 1876 & 1878 editions lists Henry Garner, Kings Road, Kings Heath as brickmaker at this red works. Kelly's 1879 edition then lists Henry Garner as owning a new brickworks on nearby Grove Road (orange) & I have coloured this new brickworks blue on the 1883 OS map above. This blue coloured brickworks later became a claypit to the yellow coloured brickworks & I write about this yellow coloured works later in the post. The green coloured road on this 1883 OS map was only an access lane to the two brickworks at this date.

Now back to the red coloured works & we next find that Tarry & Haydon re-established a brickworks at the side of Carlton House around 1896/7 & this "new works" is shown on the 1902 map below coloured red. Tarry & Haydon are listed with the address of Priory Estate Brickworks, Kings Heath in Kelly's 1897 edition. Then Kelly's 1899 edition records the owners of this Priory Estate Brickworks, Kings Road as Hough & Co.

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1902.

I just quickly mention at this point that I have been unable to establish who owned the disused brickworks which I have coloured green on this 1902 OS map.

This is were information from A.H. Stephenson's 1933 Birmingham Brickmakers book is slightly confusing as Albert writes that John Hough had started this Kings Road works & then after his untimely death (date unknown, but I have a reference to him being alive in November 1900), Tarry & Haydon ran the works & traded as Hough & Co. 

So I can only assume at some point in 1899 that it was the other way round & it was John Hough the elder who joined Tarry & Haydon at the works with this duo being listed at this works in 1897 & Hough & Co. was then formed in 1899 as per trade directory entry. Tarry & Haydon then ran the works after John Hough the elder's death. John Hough had a son called John & Stephenson refers to him as John the younger & I write about this John in the Kings Norton Brickworks entry. It is unknown if John Hough the younger had any dealings with this Kings Heath works, but from info found for the Kings Norton Brickworks, I am saying no, but if anything is found to the contrary, I will update the post.

Kelly's list Hough & Co. at the Priory Brick Works, Kings Road, Kings Heath from it's 1899 edition to the last available trade directory in 1940. 

Another excerpt from Albert Stephenson's book in which he states "that some years ago the yard of Hough & Co. Kings Heath was purchased by the late Mr. H.M. Grant & is now being run (1933) by his nephews, Messrs. J.H.B. & Grant Dixon."

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1937.

The 1937 OS map above shows a much enlarged brickworks at this date & Carlton House no longer exists. I have found that this works closed in 1960, whether it was still owned by the Dixon's at this date is unknown. Today houses have been built on this former brickworks site with one of the roads being named Hough Road. 

Kings Norton Brick Co. 

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1903.

This brickworks on Wharf Road, Parson's Hill, Kings Norton (marked as Wharf Lane on this map) was first owned jointly by John Hough the elder & John Hough the younger. Father & son are listed in Kelly's 1899 & 1900 editions as John Hough & Son, Wharf Road, Kings Norton. The London Gazette dated 13th of November 1900 gives notice that the partnership of John Hough the elder & John Hough the younger carrying on the business of the Kings Norton Brick & Building Co. had been dissolved by mutual consent on the 16th of October 1900. All debts due to & owing by the said firm would be received & payed by John Hough the younger, who was then going into partnership with Thomas Cooper to operate the Kings Norton Brick & Building Co. 

Albert Stephenson writes in his book "that soon after the war (WW 1) Hough & Cooper sold their works to a London firm of house builders who formed it into a limited liability company with Mr. John Hough becoming Manager."

The Kings Norton Brick Co. is listed in Kelly's 1903 to 1921 editions with the address of Wharf Road, Kings Norton. Kelly's 1932 to 1940 editions gives the works address as Parson's Hill, Kings Norton.

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1936.

I have added this 1936 map to show how the brickworks had expanded into the neighbouring fields. The works closed in 1959. Today, some industrial units occupy this former brickworks site, but the majority of this land (ex filled-in clay pit) is still undeveloped. 

Before I go on to my next brickworks there is another brickworks owned by the Hough family to tell you about which was situated in Staffordshire. Kelly's 1900 edition lists John Hough & Sons, Heath End, Goscote, Walsall. This is the only entry for Hough family at this works as we find a Notice in the London Gazette dated 13th November 1900 reports that the partnership of John Hough the elder, John Hough the younger & Frederick Rowley Hough, carrying on the business of Colliery Proprietors at the Forrest Collieries, Walsall & as Brickmakers at the Heath End Brickworks, Pelsall, operating under the style or firm of John Hough & Sons had been dissolved by mutual consent on the 16th of October 1900. All debts due to & owing by the said firm would be received & payed by John Hough the elder & Frederick Rowley Hough who will carry on the said business at the above addresses, under the style or firm of John Hough & Son. With this new partnership of father & one son not being listed in Kelly's 1904 edition, I am assuming they had either closed or sold this Heath End brickworks by 1904. 

W.H. Parton, Kings Heath

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1902.

I kick off this entry with information about the first owner of this yellow coloured brickworks situated just off Grove Road, Kings Heath (orange) as shown on the 1883 OS map above. Kelly's 1876 edition lists John Gardiner at Grove Road, Kings Heath & this entry continues until Kelly's 1892 edition. I have found that this works closed in 1892 or 1893. The reason why is unknown, unless John Gardiner had passed away ? What we do known from my next account of this works is that it stood derelict for several years.

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1902.

So on to Albert Stephenson's account on what happened next at this Grove Road works, coloured yellow on the 1902 map above, which now includes the land on which another brickworks had occupied in 1879 on the other side of the green coloured lane. Albert writes in his 1933 book that Mr. Parton a Birmingham builder who had regularly purchased his bricks made at his Globe Brickworks, first came to him to seek his advice on re-opening a brickworks which had stood derelict for many years at Kings Heath. Mr. Parton then offered Albert an equal share in this brickworks if he reorganised & then worked the plant for him with Mr. Parton raising the necessary capital for the venture. Albert then writes - "Things were very bad at the time & I saw no "market" in the near future at Kings Heath & I was foolish enough to decline the offer. Mr Parton had faith in this venture, found a good manager, vastly improved the plant & for many years did a really capital trade." Albert continues to write that he later regretted this decision. Apparently it was in the early 1900's that Kings Heath started to expand & bricks were needed for the many houses being built at this time.      

The 1881 census records William Henry Parton as a Builder & Contractor aged 46, his wife Sarah aged 33 & son William Henry junior aged 6 living at 160, Mary Street, Balsall Heath. The 1891 census records William Henry Parton aged 55 & now a farmer, living with his wife Sarah aged 43 & son William Henry junior aged 16 at Alcester Road, Kings Norton.

Then from Stephenson's account, William Henry Parton purchases & re-starts the brickworks at Kings Heath last owned by John Gardiner in 1892. This appears to have been around 1897/8 as we find that the first trade directory entry listing William as a brickmaker is in Kelly's 1899 edition & the entry reads, W.H. Parton & Son, High Street, Kings Heath (office or home). The same entry is then listed in the Kelly's 1900 & 1903 editions. Although the works address is not listed in trade directories, William's works was the one which I have coloured yellow on the 1902 map above, just off Grove Road.

There is gap in trade directory entries for W.H. Parton & Son at High Street, Kings Heath, with their next entry being found in Kelly's 1912 edition. The answer to this gap may be found in Albert Stephenson book in which he writes - "As long as he lived, the yard was very prosperous, but after his death, his son found it impossible to carry on successfully & the yard was not opened after the war (1st World War). So it appears W.H. Parton died sometime between 1903 & 1912. There are two more trade directory entries for W.H. Parton & Son at High Street, Kings Heath & they appear in Kelly's 1913 & 1915 editions & it will have been William Henry junior running the works at these dates. With the last trade directory entry being dated 1915, this confirms Stephenson's account that the works did not reopen after the war. The 1937 OS map in the Hough entry, now shows Parton's former brickworks site as a Corporation Yard & the claypit was in the process of being filled in.  

The green coloured road on the 1902 OS map above which was a lane between Kings Road & Grove Road back then was later named Partons Road & today houses are built on both sides of this road. 

James Pidgeon, Sparkbrook

Before I write about James Pidgeon, I tell you about his father Samuel Pidgeon who was a brickmaker, brewer & beer seller. From my research I have found that many brickmakers combined the making of bricks in the summer months with beer making/selling in the winter time. Samuel Pidgeon was born in Wellington, Shropshire & the 1841 census records his age as 35. The listing continues with his wife, Mary, aged 30, son James aged 11 & four more boys & three girls, living at Balsall Heath. Kelly's 1849 & 1850 editions record Samuel as a brickmaker on Alcester Road, Balsall Heath (the location of this works is unknown) & brewer/beer seller on Bristol Road/Balsall Heath Road, Balsall Heath. The 1851 census gives Samuel's home address as The Balsall Heath Tavern, Balsall Heath Road; occupation, brickmaker & beer seller, employing 12 men & 4 boys. The listing continues with his wife, Mary; son James aged 20 & listed as brickmaker; & the addition of three more children, numbering eleven in total. Slater's 1852, White's 1855 & Dix's 1858 trade directories record Samuel as a brickmaker & retail brewer with the addresses of Balsall Heath Road (Inn/home address) & Balsall Heath. 

We next find that the entry in the 1862 Corporation of Birmingham directory reads Samuel Pidgeon, brickmaker, Ladypool Lane. So it appears Samuel at some point after 1858 had moved to a new brickworks on Ladypool Lane, Sparkbrook. The 1887 OS map below is the earliest map that I have for this area, so I am taking it that the brickworks was situated next to the marked old clay pit in the area which I have coloured yellow.

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1887.

Samuel's son James Pidgeon is listed as a brickmaker in the 1851 census aged 20 & then again in the 1861 census, so it appears that James was working alongside his father. We next find that James is listed as the brickmaker/owner of the Ladypool Lane works in Kelly's 1867 edition. I am assuming James had taken over the running of the brickworks from his father some time between 1862 & 1867. So had Samuel retired from brickmaking or had he passed away ? The 1851 census gives Samuel's age as 51 & not 45 as one would expect ten years on from the 1841 census, therefore he would have been born in 1800. This has got me thinking that Samuel had died in the mid 1860's with there not being a 1871 census listing for him ?

James Pidgeon is listed in Kelly's 1867 to 1879 editions at Ladypool Lane, Sparkbrook (today, Road). 

We next find in the 1881 census that James aged 50, is now listed as a builder, with his eldest son, James Arthur being listed as a carpenter, so were father & son in partnership together after the brickworks had closed ? The 1887 map shows no remains of the brickworks, so it appears this Ladypool works closed not long after James' last trade directory entry of 1879. Today Taunton Road runs through the centre of the area which I have coloured yellow on this 1887 map & Balsall Heath Park is to the south of this road, so with this park being at this location it's a good indication that it occupies the filled-in clay pit.

The 1891 census now records James Pidgeon, aged 60, as a brickmaker again & in employment; born in Winchcombe, Gloucs, living with his wife, Mary aged 51 & eight children ranging from 31 to 17 at 49, Wyndcliff Road, Small Heath. James & Mary had a total of ten children in all. With this census recording James as employed, it is unknown who James was brickmaking for at this date, but it may have been at one of the many brickworks in the Garrison Lane area which where on his door step.

Herbert Leamon, Greet

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1887.

Before I write about Herbert Leamon at this green coloured works in Greet, Kelly's 1876 to 1879 editions records John L. Denston as brickmaker at Greet, Yardley with the 1878 & 1879 editions actually listing the works as being on Warwick Road (coloured red), Greet. The 1887 OS map above & all future maps show that the works entrance was on Weston Lane (brown). 

Herbert Leamon only owned this works for a short time with him being listed in Kelly's 1880 & 1882 editions with the address of Greet Brickworks, Warwick Road, Greet, Yardley. Albert Stephenson in his 1933 Birmingham Brickmakers book writes about Leamon, saying "he seemed to make bricks by riding on horseback all day long !" I can only assume Stephenson did not think too highly of Leamon, apparently Leamon lived at Greet House (dark green on the map above). 

We next find William Evans is listed at this brickworks in Kelly's 1883 edition & Evans' Warwick Road entries continue until Kelly's 1888 edition. Again Stephenson makes a remark about Evans in his book, saying "this yard was run by a friend of mine named William Evans, who was just about as well fitted to make bricks as to fill the position of Prime Minister ! But then there is a popular superstition that any fool can make bricks !" Mrs. Hannah Evans is next listed at this works in Kelly's 1890 edition, so had William passed away ? Hannah Evans continues to be recorded as brickmaker at this Warwick Road works until Kelly's 1896 edition.

Kelly's 1897 edition now lists Arthur Lewis had taken over this Warwick Road works & with Lewis recorded in Kelly's 1896 edition as owning the neighbouring brickworks which was accessed off Percy Road, I continue with story on both these two works in the next entry titled Arthur Lewis, Greet.

Arthur Lewis, Greet

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1887.

I start this Lewis entry with some info on two brickworks which were operational in the 1860's & 1870's. The first was on Burbury Street in Aston/Lozells & the second is the yellow coloured yard on the 1887 OS map above which was accessed via Bridge Road from Percy Road in Greet. 

With the demand for bricks to build the many terraced houses in the Aston / Lozells areas of Birmingham in the 1860's, John Lewis & Son established a temporary brickworks on Burbury Street to extract the onsite clay to make the bricks needed for the building of these houses in this area. The 1861 census records Brick Manufacturer John Lewis was born in Erdington in 1810 & aged 51, married to Elizabeth aged 54 & son James aged 23, born in 1838, unmarried & also recorded as a Brick Manufacturer, with the family all living on Great King Street. John Lewis & Son are listed as brick manufacturers in Kelly's 1867 & 1868 editions on Burbury Street, then James Lewis (son) is next listed on Burbury Street in Kelly's 1872 & White's 1873 editions, so it appears James was now running the Burbury Street brickworks. The 1871 census records Brick Manufacturer, James Lewis now aged 33, was married to Elizabeth, aged 37 & they had a three year old boy named Arthur who was born in 1868 in Aston Juxta, Birmingham & the family where living at Aston Manor, Aston. So it appears James was making good living from brickmaking with the family living at such a prestigious address. We then find that James Lewis is listed in Kelly's 1876, 78 & 79 editions at Burbury Street & Greet (coloured yellow on the 1887 OS map above). There are no more listings for James Lewis at either Burbury Street or Greet after 1879, so it appears that James had finished brickmaking & both works had closed after this date with the Greet works standing idle & more than likely derelict until 1895/6. 

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1902.

We then find in 1895/6 Arthur Lewis son of James Lewis & grandson to John Lewis built a new brickworks on the site of his father's small brickworks in Greet (coloured yellow on the 1902 map above). Arthur named his new works, The Burbury Brick Works, which more than likely was named after Burbury Street in honour of his family's brickmaking past. 

The 1891 census records that Arthur Lewis aged 23 was born in 1868 & a Brick Manufacturer. Married to Lillian aged 27 ; abode, Newton Road, Sparkhill & they had a son called James who is listed as being 10 months old. 

Kelly's 1896 edition lists Arthur Lewis at The Burbury Brick Works, Percy Road, Greet. The 1902 map above shows that a new Staffordshire Mill & various drying sheds had been built. The works was still accessed via Bridge Road from Percy Road (coloured turquoise), but by this 1902 OS map a new access road from Warwick Road (red) had been built into the works. From Stephenson's account of this works he says, "at first, bricks were still being hand moulded until a wire-cut machine was installed in the early 1900's & this was quickly followed by the installation of a second wire-cutting machine. "

An example of a Arthur Lewis brick made at the Burbury Brick Works, Percy Road, Greet.

Kelly's 1897 edition now lists Arthur Lewis with two brickworks, Burbury Brick Works, Percy Road & Warwick Road brickworks, so Arthur had taken over the "Greet Brickworks" on Warwick Road previously owned by Mrs. Hannah Evans. The 1901 census records Arthur & Lillian where now living at a house called Willoughby on Stoney Lane, Sparkhill. We then find in the 1911 census Arthur & Lillian had moved again & where living at The Grange, Tyseley. So the move to the "Grange" indicates Arthur was doing well out of making bricks. Today this grand house does not exist, but if you ever go into the Nissan car showrooms on Warwick Road, you are walking over where this house once stood in the car park. Back to Arthur Lewis & he continues to be listed as owning two brickworks at Greet until Kelly's 1912 edition. 

Kelly's 1913 edition only lists Arthur Lewis at the Burbury Brickworks, Percy Road. So it appears the Warwick Road works (coloured green on the 1913 OS map below) had closed sometime in 1913 with this map still showing it operational at this date. From studying this map it's closure may have been due to the clay pits being exhausted of workable clay or it may have been with the advent of WW1 ? 

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1913.

Kelly's 1915 edition again records Arthur Lewis at the Burbury Works, but we find that Stephenson writes in his book, "at the start of the Great War (1914) the whole plant stopped working & the first consequence of this complete stoppage was, with the pumps not working, the claypit soon filled up with water & the yard became derelict." So was the closure of this works in 1914 or was it still operational as per Kelly's directory in 1915 & closed sometime in 1915 ?

It's at this point that I tell you that Arthur Lewis died on the 14th of June 1917. His Probate Notice dated 31st August 1917, found on Ancestry, records his abode as Rugged Elm Cottage, Yardley Wood, Moseley. A sum of £12,696 pounds 6 shillings was left to his wife, Lillian. Today (9.3.2019), this equates to around £880,000 pounds or for my readers on the other side of the Pond, it equates to 1 million,1 hundred & 45 thousand dollars. Wow !   

A "For Sale by Private Contract Notice" in the Birmingham Daily Post dated 4th of October 1917 advertises that the Executors of the Estate of Mr. Arthur Lewis deceased, had instructed the Auctioneers to sell both the Burbury Brickworks & the Greet Brickworks as one Lot & as a going concern. This newspaper article & the following two newspaper notices in this entry were found on this website, British Newspaper Archive. 

We then find that Albert H. Stephenson, owner of the Globe Brickworks & writer of the later 1933 Birmingham Brickmakers book, purchases the Burbury Brickworks off Arthur Lewis's Executors in 1917. This information came from Stephenson's 1933 book. 

With this For Sale Notice saying both works would be sold as one Lot, it is unknown if Stephenson purchased both works with him saying in his book that he purchased the Burbury Brick Works. What I can tell you that another For Sale Notice in the Birmingham Daily Post dated nearly a year later on the 6th of August 1918, advertises the "Sale of Ripe Valuable Freehold Land suitable for large factories, known as the Greet Brickworks Estate of about 15 acres, an excellent site with good main road frontage. Special attention to buyers, there is a large marlhole with 30 years free tip. Would sell in Lots to suit Purchasers." Apply Fred Screen, Bancroft House, Dudley Road, Oldbury. So was this Fred Screen selling the Greet Brickworks on behalf of Albert Stephenson or had he purchased the works directly from Arthur Lewis' Executors ?    

We then find that a Notice in the Birmingham Daily Mail dated 31st October 1918 advertises that on the 20th of November 1918 there was to be a "Dismantling Sale" at the Greet Brickworks on Weston Lane off Warwick Road, Greet & everything was to be sold. There is a long list of items for sale & it included, two horizontal steam engines, plugmill, a Lancaster boiler, a Grinding Machine & four 150 feet long drying sheds. I have to note that this works had stood idle since 1914/15, so I don't think that some of the Lots up for sale would have been in tip-top condition.

Back to the Burbury Brick Works & Stephenson writes in his book, "At that time (1917) the water in the clay workings, which were sixty feet deep, was overflowing into the adjoining river !"

In early 1919 Mr. C.H. Barrows & Mr. Ernest Swain, both of the Midland Brick Co. joined Albert Stephenson at this Percy Road brickworks to form the concern into a private limited company called The Burbury Brick Company, with the aforementioned taking up rolls of Directors & Managers. 

Stephenson recollects in his book that "The big task of freeing the clay hole from the enormous quantity of water was tackled with energy; the whole of the "open" kilns were pulled down; a large continuous kiln was erected, & in a few months time the plant was running again.   
The clay is well ground & pugged & delivered to the machine by a travelling belt. The bricks are cut off by a Bennett and Sayer cutter, which delivers them straight into zinc-covered and rubber-tyred barrows, to the floors of the drying sheds, which are heated solely by the exhaust steam from the engines. From thence they are conveyed, after some forty-eight hours, to the kiln - one of sixteen chambers of 25,000 each. 
The whole plant - clay hole included - is now lighted by electricity, and shelters are provided for the clay "getters" in case of bad weather, thus ensuring the same quantity of bricks being produced, summer and winter alike.
The motive power is steam, provided by a range of three large boilers. 
The grinding mill and machinery are by Messrs. Brookes, Ltd., Oldbury.
The Works Manager is Mr. Thomas Smith, who has had a long experience in the production of red bricks, both in Birmingham & Leicestershire."

The first trade directory entry listing the Burbury Brick Co. appears in Kelly's 1921 edition with the address of Warwick Road, Greet & the 1938 OS map below shows that the works was now only accessed from Warwick Road.  

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1938.

Kelly's 1932 to 1940 editions continue to record the Burbury Brick Co. at this Warwick Road, address. The brickworks closed in the 1950's when the clay ran out & the site was taken over by Langley's the builders. In 1962 the brickworks was demolished & the clay pit was then filled in with rubbish & capped with clay. Today, industrial units & open green spaces occupy both the former Burbury & Greet brickworks sites. Also to note on this 1938 map is that Greet House had been demolished since it was last shown on the 1913 map & the 1912 Electoral Register records Ernest Robert Bridgens was living at Greet House. Finding Mr. Bridgens at Greet House was a "Brucie Bonus" with me finding this entry when looking for Arthur Lewis's home address.

The Tyesley Brick Co.

 © Crown Copyright. Reproduced with permission of NLS/Ordnance Survey 1887.

Kelly's 1878 & 1879 editions first list Doody & Co. as the owners of this Warwick Road, Tyseley brickworks & is coloured yellow on the 1887 OS map above. We next find that in late 1879 / early 1880 Henry Doody goes into partnership with Silas Lees & Ebenezer Trueman & they form the Tyseley Brick Co. & this company is recorded in Kelly's 1880 edition with the address of Warwick Road, Tyseley, Acocks Green.

This partnership had a very short existence as a notice in the London Gazette dated 26th October, 1880 records that on the 29th of June 1880 the partnership of Henry Doody, Silas Lees & Ebenezer Trueman trading as the Tyseley Brick Co. had been dissolved & the said company, The Tyseley Brick Co. would then be carried on by Silas Lees & Ebenezer Trueman alone, by whom all debts due & owing to & from the said late firm will be paid & received. Dated 13th of October 1880.

Kelly's 1882 & 1883 editions list Lees & Trueman at Warwick Road, Tyseley, Acocks Green. Again this new partnership was short lived & the London Gazette dated 14th August 1883 records that the partnership of Silas Lees & Ebenezer Trueman, brick manufacturers of Warwick Road, Tyseley & operating under the style or firm of the Tyseley Brick Co. then  as Lees & Trueman was dissolved on the 9th of August 1883 by mutual consent. The business from this day would be then run by Ebenezer Trueman who will pay all moneys owing by & receive all moneys owing to the late partnership. 

How long Trueman continued to run this Warwick Road works is unknown as we find in Kelly's 1888 edition that it now records Jesse Smith at this works with the address of Tyseley, Acocks Green. Kelly's 1890 edition now records Mrs. Catherine Smith previously recorded as brickmaking on Stockfield Road, Acocks Green is listed with Jesse Smith at this Tyseley works. Mother & son continue to be listed brickmaking together until Kelly's 1900 edition & it appears that soon after 1900, this Warwick Road works closed, as it is shown as disused on the 1902 OS map. Today, the sports fields of Yardleys School occupy this former brickworks site.

I wish to thank the following :- 
National Library/Ordnance Survey - maps
The London Gazette & Kelly's Trade Directories.
Chris Thornburn & John Baylis - for allowing me to photograph their brick collections. 
I have gathered some information from a book called Workshop of the World - Birmingham's Industrial Heritage by Ray Shill to whom I am indebted.
Acocks Green History Society - who's articles have pointed me in the right direction in finding the necessary information.